Anshan Heli Laser Equipment Co., Ltd.
National Service Hotline : 400-641-6888
Address: No. 368 Qianshan Road, High-tech Zone, Anshan City
Dongguan Heli Laser Equipment Co., Ltd.
Address: No. 48 Wenxiang Road, Xiaoxiang, Wanjiang District, Dongguan City, Guangdong Province
Contact: Mr. Yang
Looking at the world's important laser market, in the history of the development of the laser industry, it is well known that in July 1960, the United States Hughes Company Theodore Harold Meman (TH Maiman) successfully developed the world The first ruby laser. But what people don't know is that in just over six months, the Changchun Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences developed the first ruby laser in China in 1961.
Today, with more than 50 years of development, China's laser industry has begun to take shape, mainly involving industrial, medical, military and cultural aspects. The industrial chain has also begun to form, covering upstream laser materials and supporting components, midstream lasers and their supporting, and downstream laser applications. In 2013, the total sales of laser equipment in China reached 30 billion yuan, and the output value of the entire laser industry chain was 75 billion yuan.
"A characteristic of the development of China's laser industry is the industrial clusters, the most famous being Wuhan Optics Valley." Ye Mao, executive deputy director of the Strategic Industry Technology Analysis Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Wuhan Document and Information Center, told this reporter that this trend is still Continuously expanding, laser industry clusters have emerged in various places in recent years.
At present, there are nearly a thousand laser companies in China, mainly located in economically developed provinces and cities such as Hubei, Beijing, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Shenzhen, and Guangdong, and are mainly distributed in five industrial zones: the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta, Central China, the Bohai Rim and the The emerging Northeast Industrial Revitalization Zone, and the western industrial belt will also take shape. Among them, Wuhan started to build the laser industry as early as 1988. There are now more than 200 laser companies, more than 30 core enterprises, and the industry scale has reached 10 billion yuan. Shenzhen has also become the second largest laser industry cluster after Wuhan, and its scale and output are similar to Wuhan.
According to statistics from Leander, president of TRUMPF Laser (Germany), the world's largest laser company, China, more than 90% of laser manufacturing companies in the international laser market are located in China, the United States, Germany and Japan 4 countries.
He believes that these countries are also important global laser markets. China currently ranks behind the European Union and the United States with a share of 21.3%, becoming the third largest international laser application market in the world. "The global laser market will grow steadily in 2014 and 2015. In 2017, the global laser market industry will exceed US $ 11 billion, of which China's laser industry will account for 1/3. "
"Laser is an important tool for upgrading traditional enterprises, and China's laser industry is becoming more and more mature." Zhu Xiao, director of the National Engineering Center for Laser Processing of Huazhong University of Science and Technology and chairman of Wuhan China Optics Valley Laser Industry Association, was interviewed by this reporter. Shi said that laser equipment made in China is also recognized internationally and exported abroad.
Public data shows that since 2003, China's laser equipment exports have continued to grow, mainly to Hong Kong, South Korea, India and other countries and regions. The total export value in 2007 has exceeded 460 million yuan, and in 2012 it was as high as 1.25 billion yuan. Ye Mao revealed that the export value of China's laser equipment in 2013 was about 3 billion yuan, and the export has a certain market and scale.
Lack of core product voice
"However, from a global perspective, there are still many problems in China's laser industry." Ye Mao said that exports are significantly smaller, and are mainly in Southeast Asia, South America and the Middle East markets. In addition, as an important global laser market, many foreign laser companies are expanding in China. These companies are generally larger than Chinese companies, and competition will be more intense in the next few years.
Take a look at this set of examples.
Following the traditional gas and solid fiber optics, new types of lasers such as fiber lasers are becoming the technological development direction of the laser industry. As the first company in China, Ruike is currently the largest domestic company specializing in high-power fiber laser R & D and large-scale production. Although it has a 30% domestic market share in small and medium-power fiber lasers, it has also developed a 10,000W fiber laser. Still in trial. The United States IPG PHOTONICS has already developed a 50,000-watt fiber laser, and its fiber lasers occupy 75% of the global market.
In 2013, Shenzhen Han's Laser (002008, stock bar) Technology Co., Ltd., China's largest laser company, achieved operating income of 4.334 billion yuan. During the same period, TRUMPF achieved revenues of 2.343 billion euros (approximately 19.45 billion yuan), achieved revenues of 2 billion yuan in China, and installed more than 5,000 machine tools and laser equipment . It is understood that TRUMPF is likely to settle in Wuhan in the near future.
Previously, TRUMPF invested in four manufacturing companies in Taicang, Jiangsu, and Dongguan, Guangdong, to produce CNC sheet metal processing machines and medical equipment.
"We must first knock down the share of the domestic market." Zhu Xiao said that compared with foreign countries, China's laser industry has been "following" rather than catching up. Chinese laser companies still make money in the low-end market. " The market is big and powerful companies are coming. Can Chinese laser companies stand up to it? "
Ye Mao further explained that Chinese laser companies have insufficient say in core products, high-quality special optical fibers need to be imported, and only a few domestic manufacturers can produce radioactive source chips, mostly for foundry production, mainly also Imported abroad, high-power lasers also rely on imports. "So China's laser industry presents a situation of two small ends and a large one in the middle."
"Especially for chips, once others don't import them for you, the entire industry chain cannot be built." Yan Dapeng told this reporter, which in turn led to very large costs, and the cost of Ruike's annual purchase of chips exceeded 100 million yuan. The core technology must be localized and vertically integrated without relying on others. Only then can China's laser industry truly develop. "
He also revealed that Ruike has made breakthroughs in special optical fiber materials and is expected to be available by the end of the year. In terms of chips, a chip company has also been set up for research and development. "If the chip can be localized by then, the entire industrial chain will be complete." Fraunhofer Institute Model
Almost at the same time as foreign laser technology, why does China's laser industry lag behind?
Ye Mao believes that in terms of technical excellence, there is a certain gap between domestic and foreign countries, especially in terms of core technology and process manufacturing. In this regard, China still has a long way to go.
Ye Mao and Zhu Xiaojun believe that this is also because the industry-university-research institutes have not been well integrated, and there is a lack of an intermediary model for the industrialization of technology in universities and markets. Although industry-university-research has been doing and some technologies are available, they have not combined technology with the market. They suggested that the experience of the model of the Fraunhofer Laser Research Institute in Germany could be used in this regard.
As an applied research institution, the essence of the Fraunhofer model is that it bridges the innovation gap between government, universities and industrial technology needs. The university engages in basic research and trains student employees; on the one hand, the government conducts research in its own laboratory, and on the other hand, provides basic investment to the Fraunhofer Institute to keep the cost of contract research to a minimum; companies provide contracts and manufacturing and marketization The possibility of learning; research institutions train engineers themselves and act as a "conduit" between technology and industrial applications.
Ye Mao gave an example. For example, if an enterprise sees technology, it can cooperate with the institute in depth, or an enterprise establishes a fund and commissions the institute to do it.
For example, the United States and Japan launch innovation plans every year, entrusting relevant institutions with research or industrialization through rewards or assignments. Most of these research institutions come from enterprises rather than colleges or universities and enterprises, thus avoiding industry-university-research institutes. Severe disconnect.
In contrast, there are three main domestic industry-university-research development models recognized in the industry, namely, the northern school based on the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the central school based on Huazhong University of Science and Technology, and the southern school based on capital. Among these three, the southern genre represented by Shenzhen and Guangdong belongs to a commercial development model, and the production, teaching, and research are relatively close.
This has also led to the over-reliance of follow-up talents on universities and the disconnection from the market, resulting in a significant shortage of high-end talents.
Yan Dapeng bluntly stated that there are many problems in the connection between some of the talents cultivated from universities and enterprises, and the rapid industrialization cannot be achieved. The approach taken by Ruike is to hire experienced talents directly from overseas.
Fortunately, Ye Mao revealed that Hubei Province, a model similar to Fraunhofer, is also brewing, and is considering setting up the Hubei Laser Industry Research Institute.
"Of course, the development of the laser industry is also related to national planning." Zhu Xiao said that current national policies have shown that it is necessary to support the development of the science and technology industry, but they are too rough rather than subdivided, and the operability is not strong. The laser industry It is only among these large policies that this requires adjustments in planning policies.
It is reported that Germany had "Laser 2000" (Laser 2000 Plan) as early as 2000, and it is constantly being updated. The United States and Japan mentioned above will also launch innovative plans for lasers every year. These plans will clearly implement the key technologies for laser development in 10 or 20 years, and even refine the power of lasers.
According to Yan Dapeng, some policies formulated by the state do not meet the development needs of enterprises. For example, the state exempts enterprises from importing fiber lasers with a laser power of more than 2000W. In the past, it was favorable for Chinese companies to not produce such lasers. But now there are dozens of domestic companies that specialize in fiber lasers. This will result in domestic and foreign companies. Products do not compete on one platform, which in fact reduces the competitiveness of the enterprise.
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